Introduction to Chaos | Xaoc project
The concept of 'crowd' was born along with settlement and creation of first cities during the Neolithic agricultural revolution. This revolution relied on a wide -scale transition of small groups (usually relatives) from hunters - gatherers to agriculture. The geographical location of these changes lies between Mesoamerica, Eurasia and Far East. In general, it concentrated around the Tropic of Cancer...
The notion of crowd is also associated with the term "ochlocracy" (government by the populace; mob rule) and it's opposite to the "elite". Ochlocracy may refer to the Crusades, the French Revolution, fascism, communism or the Falkland War. It is a very capacious term.
Another serious threat related to the concept of crowd is the public's lack of trust in the government. It is especially dangerous during the state of emergency (such as pandemics). Generally the concepts "national" and "nationalism" have developed over the past few centuries. We do not have an innate need to belong to the specific nation. We are tribal, nomadic creatures who used to be living in small groups. Not only that, today's great nations are usually a mix of smaller nationalities or ethnic groups that, until recently, fought each other.
Perhaps the real challenge for the EU these days is avoiding the formation of ghettos. This is an extremely complicated process if we consider the existence of terrible inequalities and exclusions within existing nations, societies and specific groups.
Information and the dark side of quantity; Reflection on the lack of quality, propaganda and misinformation.
Pseudoscience is possibly one of the most dangerous side effects of mass information, accessibility, wealth and so on. In a book "The Grid: Exploring the Hidden Infrastructure of Reality" by Marie D Jones & Larry Flaxman you can find information about The Heart Math Institute, a classical pseudoscience, hand by hand with experimentally verifiable science. At some point the pseudoscience sounds simply comfortable...
Biotechnology and AI might turn as dangerous as pseudoscience. Many intellectuals emphasize that the development of the humanities and ethics is now one of the most important challenges for humanity. This applies mainly to areas dealing with genetic research, but also to the work of IT specialists who are working on subsequent algorithms. Algorithms are a new and completely unique tool that allows to manipulate crowds. Algorithms are also quite a real threat to the future we are just about to enter.
Trees and friendships; Trees in a natural forest can communicate by ultrasounds or fragrance. The struggle for local resources occurs between trees of various species. However, there is such a thing as compensatory justice - trees adapt to each other. They equalize their weakness and this process takes place underground, between their roots. And so the measure of the well - being of the tree is the well - being of the surrounding forest.
"The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They Communicate - Discoveries from a Secret World" a book by Peter Wohlleben
Long before the emergence of the concept of 'crowd', Earth was inhabited by other species, classified as either ancestral or closely related to modern humans. It is very likely that the extinction of at least a few of them was another infamous achievement of our smug kind. It gets even more interesting if we go back into the jungle…...
A brutal act of violence has long been considered as an unique human feature. However, on January 7, 1974 Hillali Matama, a researcher at Jane Goodall's Centre, observed a group of chimpanzees in the Gombe National Park in Tanzania who surreptitiously entered the territory of another group and killed a calmly feeding male. Over the next three years, a warlike band systematically murdered remaining males from the competitive group. And what about females? Two young females moved with an aggressive group, even before one of them saw her mother beaten to death by the new companion. The other four females disappeared.
According to Richard Wrangham, prof of biological anthropology at Harvard, the sources of human violence lie in the evolutionary heritage that we share with chimpanzees. Through research and analysis of ethnographic data and archeological findings, he could also prove that human communities are, and always have been, patriarchal. Patriarchy is therefore an element of human biology, not a cultural invention, as it is usually considered.
Fragment from Michael Gazzaniga "Human: What Make Us Unique"